8 (p. 3c middle), “The ten commandments are the essential part of the Shema (guphah shel shma‛).” Compare Mishna Pesachim, X. 1897-1910. The great High Priest has come and clothed Himself in humanity-a living vestment far more costly than the robes of Aaron, “made for glory and for beauty;” and all other victims have been superseded by His oblation of Himself. The body is of Christ; he is the substance to which, as shadows, all the Jewish rites referred. would have no meaning, no aim and ultimately, no deliverance for any who lived under it. That it was a shadow so designed, and not a fortuitous and unmeaning system, is plain from its correspondence with the body which is Christ's, and its consequent fulfilment in Him. Meyer says rightly “not an outline (σκιαγραφία, σκιαγράφημα), as in the case of painters, who ‘non exprimunt primo ductu imaginem vivis coloribus et εἰκονικῶς, sed rudes et obscuras lineas primum ex carbone ducunt,’ Calvin.” For the contrast to a sketch would be at least εἰκών (cf. The Law was to bring to Jewish person to Christ (Galatians 3:24). p. 531), -"Why must they refuse to be dictated to in these matters? the still future Messianic kingdom, for, if so, the substance would still lie in the future, and the shadow would not be out of date. "Commentary on Colossians 2:17". The things that were “future from the standpoint of the Law.” So also in Romans 5:14; Hebrews 10:1; Hebrews 6:5; cf. 1999-2014. The person who possesses Christ, immediately possesses the spiritual reality that God was aiming for and foreshadowing in the O.T.. "All that the most sanguine hoped to attain by asceticism and ceremonialism was possessed immediately in the possession of Christ." Such a relapse would be an attempt to roll back the Divine purpose, and impede that religious progress which Christianity had introduced; an effort to restore an intolerable yoke, and rob the new religion of its spirituality and vigour. The entire ritual is alluded to-the ritual as God appointed it, and not as overloaded by its self-willed votaries. Things to come - blessings of the Christian covenant. The connection of σκιά with the genitive τῶν μελ. N.T. But not only was there this close and preordained relation between the shadow and the substance, there was also a predictive correspondence. Adam was a type of Christ, and the temporal, passing, Aaronic priesthood, in the earthly temple of Solomon, shadowed the higher, permanent and eternal Melchedieck priesthood of the Lord Jesus Christ, which is carried out in the heavenly temple of God. The Mosaic economy being a rude draught of Christianity, presupposed its future existence. (Gr. Jesus is the solid fact of that which was foreshadowed. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". By faith, in Christ, we are no longer enslaved to sin.  To understand τῶν μελλόντων of things still future to Christian times, i.e. τοῦ χριστοῦ. ἦν would have implied that they had absolutely ceased as facts, which of course they had not. I. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/colossians-2.html. A shadow of a tree is not the actual tree, but simply a flat, colourless representation of the real thing, which has a textured trunk, inner sap and exterior bark. Rather, Judaism was a faint copy of Christianity. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/colossians-2.html. Romans 4:11). The noun σκιά may bear two different meanings. The Expositor's Greek Testament. He has gone through the starry vail, and into heaven itself, with the names of all His clients inscribed upon His heart; and He pleads the merit of His blood before a mercy-seat not canopied by a cloud, but enveloped in the Majesty of Him who sits upon it. Clinging to the Law, after Christ has come, is a perversion of the Law. 115-116). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/colossians-2.html. from the point of time when the five things were enjoined. σκιὰ. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". He nailed our sin to the cross and: blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that kept us enslaved to the Law - He became our Kinsman-Redeemer, and He died in our place. But the physical, tangible and eternal reality belongs to the Lord Jesus Christ alone - Who is the Messiah of Israel and Saviour of the world. A tree is so much more than its shadow. The man who had been contaminated by any ceremonial impurity, who had touched a corpse, or come into accidental contact with a leper, was by means of an appointed ordeal of ablution and sacrifice restored to his previous status. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". The term thus indicates (a) the futility of these five things considered in and for themselves, and yet also (b) the reality of something which is represented by them. A shadow, without life.— σῶμα, the body) the very truth shadowed forth by the old ceremonies.