Similarly, S bicolor ssp. It includes the 28 cultivated Snowdenian species but omits his series Drummondii (Sorghum aterrimum, Sorghum drummondii, Sorghum nitens) (Table 3.1). It grows well in regions where annual rainfall ranges from 600 to 900 mm and temperatures are between 7 and 27°C. The “easiest management” practice is to mechanically harvest sorghum × sudangrass as hay, baleage, or silage because of the fluctuation in DM production during the summer with dry conditions. de Wet ex Wiersema & J. Dahlb. Blood may have a cherry red appearance immediately after death. J. Anim. Subfamilia: Panicoideae Proc. There is some hazard in grazing sudangrass or sudangrass hybrids since they may form prussic acid in the new growth that follows a frost, a period of drought, or heavy trampling (5). Supplementing grazing cattle with sulphur blocks can improve weight gain and reduce prussic acid poisoning (FAO, 2009). Sorghum × drummondii Shattercane is spoken of in accounts of early settlers and it resulted from the crossing of Johnson grass and sorghum to create another aggressive weed problem. Vargas, M.; Urbá, R.; Enero, R.; Báez, H.; Pardo, P.; Visconti, C., 1965. Minimizing the prussic acid poisoning hazard in forages. It is very palatable to cattle, sheep and goats (FAO, 2009). In goats, Sudan grass hay was found to have an overall nutritional quality roughly similar to that of pearl millet, elephant grass and sorghum hays (Aguiar et al., 2006a). Problems do not occur from eating dry, well-cured hay. Effect of feeding ricebean and sorghum sudan mixed fodder on growth and nutrient utilization in crossbred calves. It can withstand slightly alkaline and saline soils. bicolor and … Sorghum drummondii (Nees ex Steud.) Holcus sorghum subsp. (6) Upper lemma: a, nerves; b, awn. Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench ssp. Races that are half guinea have grains that twist somewhat but not as completely as in the true guinea. Millsp. [citation needed], "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species",×_drummondii&oldid=943825036, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 March 2020, at 03:11. b�ί+���p�k�wղ�7o������ Sudan grass is native to Southern Egypt and Sudan. Proper management and removing horses from these forages during periods when prussic acid deaths may occur is necessary. There are multiple cultivars of sorghum available for use as a cover crop including sorghum-Sudangrass hybrids (Sorghum bicolor. Chicago 2:21. A study on silage quality and rumen degradability of mixed silages containing different levels of sudangrass and Hungarian vetch. It is easy to dry and it makes good quality hay because of its slender culms. Table 3.2. Cyanide and nitriles are hypothesized to cause the cystitis and ataxia, although neither has been shown to reproduce the disease. Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Hitchc. It readily intercrosses with sorghum. Toxicosis has occurred in the central and southern Great Plains of North America in pastures almost exclusively composed of sorghum species. Holcus sorghum var. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Based on spikelet morphology and grain characteristics, Harlan and de Wet (1972) presented a simple infraspecific classification for the benefit of sorghum workers. & Chas) is an annual grass with slender culms (3-9 mm thick) reaching up to a height of 3 m. The light green leaves are long (4-15 cm), broad (8-15 mm) and very numerous. Prussic acid may occur in young immature stands or in the second growth following periods of drought, frost, or after growth is stopped by mechanical harvesting. drummondii (Nees ex Steud.) Proc. Publications of the Field Columbian Museum. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Sudan grass, sudangrass, chicken corn, shattercane, sordan, sorghum sudangrass [English]; sorgho du Soudan, sorgho menu [French]; pasto Sudán, hierba del Sudán [Spanish]; Sudan otu [Azerbaijani]; Sudangras [German]; Sorgo sudańskie [Polish]; batag [Tagalog]; Սուդանի խոտ [Armenian]; Суданка [Bulgarian]; スーダングラス [Japanese]; Суданская трава [Russian], Sorghum × drummondii (Steud.)