Juicy fruit having excellent quality. Litchi trees need regular watering and therefore it is essential that enough water must be available from the flowering stage until after the February/March flush following the harvest. The fruits are juicy and sweet in taste and the pulp is grayish in color. In winter take spray of Copper oxychloride and in spring take copper sulphate spray to keep check on this disease. Keep the P concentration above 60 ppm. Let’s assume that a grower wants to plant potatoes. At this stage apply irrigation twice a week; it will help to reduce cracking of fruits to greater extent. This fruit tree does not tolerate frost and the optimum temperature for its best growth and yield is 30 ºC to 32 º C. Dry hot summer winds damage the fruit crop where as wet spring, dry summer and light winter is most favourable for its fruit growth. This place contains documentation about Litchi for DJI Mavic / Phantom / Inspire / Spark. I will present a general method of calculating the fertilizer requirements for any crop based on a soil analysis. The four are Ambic, Bray 1, Bray 2 and Olsen. It is a rich source of Vitamin C along with B complex Vitamin. Climate is the biggest influence on yield potential and crop quality. Examine the soil for suitability in respect of depth, drainage and compacted layers. This chapter presents the nutrient requirement, foliar nutrient diagnosis, and nutrient management strategy in litchi. When orchard come into commercial bearing, uproot intercrops. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The calculations do not take into account what the ideal level of P must be in the soil. Prepare the soil according to the results of the soil analysis, especially when large quantities of lime are required. Take spray of these insecticides on new shoots and before panicle emergence. Mite: Serious pest of Litchi. During summer, apply irrigation twice a week to young plants and once a week for plant older than 4year age. Remove and destroy affected portion. Initially training is needed to give definite shape. Then fill the pit with top soil with 20-25 kg of well decomposed cow dung, 2 kg of bone meal and 300 gm of MOP. Foliar supplement of nutrients is shown as well. Keep orchids clean. Then apply irrigation to it. The major elements that need to be calculated are. Apply a thick layer of organic mulch to the soil after planting. Destroy affected and fallen fruits away from the field. It should preferably be 1 to 2 m deep. If you can't find the answer to a specific question, please send your query to support@flylitchi.com. Again, just as for N, we use potential estimated yields. Please read our Privacy Policy as found on our About page. After then immediately plant it in nursery. Password Hide. Sowing Depth Only 3 major elements are calculated in open field production since most of the other essential elements are already in the soil at high enough concentrations. Place 20-25boxes of honey bees per hectare to get proper pollination and fruit sets. Diagnosis and Management of Nutrient Constraints, Diagnosis and management of nutrient constraints in litchi. Seed propagation is not common one and takes long time for tree establishment. Remove 4cm wide ring of bark with help of sharp knife. The winter should be cool as well as dry and devoid of frost (minimum temperature 150C). Carry out pruning operations and remove extra branches. Dug pits of 1m x 1m x 1m and expose to sun for some days. Seedless Late: Contain greater portion of flesh. To protect young crops from hot wind in summer and cold waves in winter, plant suitable windbreak trees around litchi plantation upto 4-5 years. After harvesting, maintain proper cleaning in orchards. Fertilizer recommendations can become so technical that even I have lost track. These are the ideal levels for P. For every 40 kg P added to the soil, that element’s concentration will increase with 10 ppm, Use the nutrient uptake table above to assist with N uptake per type of crop. ( as long as the secondary type factors are not limiting). For local markets, do harvesting at ripening stage while for distant markets, harvesting is to be done when they start to turn pink. Looking at the table above. It is full of microscopic living organisms such as bacteria, viruses and insects that feed on it and break complex compounds down on which the plants then feed. Fertilization schemes including right fertilizer combinations with right rates under fertigation in litchi are impending requirements as well. However, well-drained deep loam soils rich in organic matter are best suited for its cultivation. The winter should be cool as well as dry and devoid of frost (minimum temperature 150C). Store litchi fruits at temperature of 1.6-1.7°C with relative humidity between 85-90%. You will receive a link to create a new password. For 7-10 year old crop, apply Urea@1000-1500 gm, SSP@1000 gm, MOP@300 -500 gm and Cowdung@40-50 kg per Tree. Investigations are required to find how the new fertilizers enhance nutrient use efficiency and promote plant growth in litchi. �?�P8$ �BaP�d6�DbQ8�V-�FcQ��v=�HdR9$�M'�@�BP�V��f0Y��m7��e�d�{4��(T8��aA��&��m�O�TjU:�VF �VkU�n� ���V Not only do the micro-organisms change the soil but mechanical preparation completely changes soil structure. Red Rust: Small dark algae are observed on patches on lower side of leaves. When crop is above 10 year, apply well decomposed cowdung@60 kg, Urea@1600 gm, SSP@2250 gm and MOP@600 gm per Tree.