Unlike in English, Spanish commands have both informal (familiar) and formal forms. Por favor, come tus vegetales – Please, eat your greens, Hablen sobre sus planes – Talk about your plans. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. ), or negative (don’t go!). These are both common expressions that we use in our daily conversations. Did you know… We have over 220 college Informal forms address tú and vosostros. The eight Spanish verbs with irregular affirmative tú commands in the imperative mood are: The other three forms of these eight verbs are regular in the imperative mood. “(You) Don’t make your bed.”, singular informal affirmative – simple present stem + e – abre, singular informal negative – simple present stem + as – no abras, plural informal affirmative – simple present stem + id – abrid, plural informal negative – simple present stem + áis – no abráis, No interrumpáis. – Do it! The Imperative (imperativo) is used in Spanish to give suggestions, commands or orders in a direct way. This blog is presented by BaseLang: Unlimited Spanish Tutoring for $149 a Month. Have conversations faster, understand people when they speak fast, and other tested tips to learn faster. Please feel free to correct any mistakes that I have made in my Spanish. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. 8.- No _________ (Alimentar) a los animales. As we saw earlier, if the command is negative, the pronouns are placed before the verb: Knowing how to use object pronouns with the imperative will allow you to make requests or commands in a more immediate and direct manner, when the context is already known. Her kids and her friend Carolina are there to lend her a hand. IMPERATIVO AFIRMATIVO DE LOS VERBOS . The imperative mood is a verb conjugation in the Spanish language that refers to verbs in the present tense, simple aspect, imperative mood, and active voice. 9.- Muchachos, recuerden regresar temprano a casa. In other words, you can only use this mood to give direct orders. Note: I have studied Spanish as a foreign language. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? (Go out over there, the door is open. / Hazla! (, ¿Podrías por favor cerrar la puerta? Spanish language students must learn to form the familiar or informal imperative forms of Spanish verbs in order to fully use and understand verbs the Spanish language. My oldest two have so far finished preschool. Imperative: regular verbs. Learn spanish imperative tense with free interactive flashcards. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. ), the imperative may seem overly direct, and sometimes the speaker will opt to use a polite alternative such as the conditional tense, or “can you + infinitive verb?” (present tense question), or simply by preceding the imperative with “please”. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | We'll learn its grammar and usage through conversations from daily life situations. Use it to give affirmative commands or instructions, and to make suggestions. All rights reserved. The three moods in Spanish are the indicative mood, the subjunctive mood and the imperative mood. courses that prepare you to earn Used to express direct commands and indirect requests. ¡Haz tu tarea! As with most verb conjugations in the Spanish language, the imperative mood is formed through the process of inflection. © 2015-2020 BaseLang®, LLC. Create your account, Already registered? – Would you please close the door? Zero to advanced. I started homeschool preschool with my oldest when she was... Spanish Imperative: Forming Formal Commands of Spanish Verbs, Spanish Imperative: Forming Nosotros Commands of Spanish Verbs, singular informal affirmative – simple present stem + a – baila, singular informal negative – simple present stem + es – no bailes, plural informal affirmative – simple present stem + ad – bailad, plural informal negative – simple present stem + éis – no bailéis, singular informal affirmative – simple present stem + e – bebe, singular informal negative – simple present stem + as – no bebas, plural informal affirmative – simple present stem + ed – bebed, plural informal negative – simple present stem + áis – no bebáis, Aprended el vocabulario. (Don’t enter! – Bring candies for us! See examples of Imperative tense. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Terms   Privacy, Terms for our incredible guarantee can be read here. Javier goes to the grocery and tells the clerk: When talking to more than one person, there are two possibilities - vosotros and ustedes. See detailed lessons on imperative conjugations and imperative with object pronouns. ''Take a seat.'' Vayamos a comer algo – Let’s eat something. Log in here for access. Let's take a look at these forms with María and her family. ), Solo di la verdad. ), Venir, Decir, Salir, Hacer, Tener, Ir, Poner, Saber, Sal por ahí, la puerta está abierta. The Spanish imperative makes direct commands, expresses requests, and grants or denies permission. Notice that we don't need to mention the subject (tú) when giving an order. “(You all) Have the apples.”, No hagas la cama. – Could we go to eat something? How do you determine when to use the direct vs indirect object? Get access risk-free for 30 days, – Could you make the effort, ¡Por favor, no digas nada! Forming the imperative: Instructions not to do something (imperativo negativo) The formation of the negative form of the imperative in Spanish is easier than the affirmative. Rule: Remember, if both pronouns begin with an “l”, the indirect pronoun changes to “se”, which why it’s not “¡Compralelo!” in the above example. double object pronouns). The nosotros (we) form is used when the speaker suggests completing an action by a group of people that he or she belongs to. Fill the blanks with the correct conjugation of the imperative. just create an account. / Compralas! 10.- ¡Estudia suficiente para el examen final! study Here are some examples of the irregular verbs in action: Just as we do in English, object pronouns and imperatives are frequently used together in order avoid repetition. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. The imperative is a set of verb forms we use to give commands and make suggestions. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Formal forms address Usted and Ustedes. (As you will see, some sentences are perfectly fine in the imperative, and don’t need to be changed.). A clean and easy to read chart to help you learn how to conjugate the Spanish verb dormir in Positive Imperative tense. (Always be a good person. Select a subject to preview related courses: María suggests that they prepare the omelet together: To keep practicing the use of the imperative, let's see the instructions María gives on how to make the omelet: In this lesson we've discussed the formation and use of the imperative in Spanish. The imperative mood allows speakers of Spanish to make direct commands, to express requests, and to grant or deny permission. (Just tell the truth. If you ever visit a Spanish speaking country, then will notice the imperative being used from the moment you arrive. 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