Antibiotic resistance has become a global issue due to frequent treatment failure (Gradmann et al., 2016). Global Market Research report contains graphical details (data tables, charts, and graphs) for Projected and forecast years to understand Market analysis. This sector has particularly devastated Latin America, the region experiencing the largest net loss of forests and greatest releases of stored carbon into the atmosphere, resulting from disappearing vegetation. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The livestock sector has been undergoing change at an unprecedented pace over the past few decades. Consumer criticism about meat animal production has resulted in the introduction of quality standards, codes of practices, and certification programs which enabled the global meat industry to better address some of the hostile consumer perceptions regarding meat production and quality, and ensure economical and environmentally sustainable production systems. Le secteur peut également renforcer l'autonomie des femmes et des jeunes ruraux, améliorer l'efficacité de l'utilisation des ressources naturelles et accroître la capacité des ménages à faire face aux chocs climatiques. J.T. Soils, like forests, act as carbon sinks and store more than twice the carbon found in vegetation or in the atmosphere. Globalization of agriculture has also changed the nature of animal production over the last few decades, increasing the distances that animal feed and animal products travel between sites of production and consumption. Among other things, FAO’s programme focuses on animal genetics, animal husbandry, animal nutrition and feeding, antimicrobial resistance, animal health and animal welfare, pastoralism and agroecology. 2 shows the change in the geographic distribution of cattle/calf and hog/pig inventories in the United States from 2007 to 2012 (USDA-NASS, 2014). Allocation methods may also be used if the milk is transported not only to fluid milk plants but also to plants processing other dairy products. 1B and Table 1). Deforestation, land degradation, soil cultivation, and desertification are responsible for CO2 emissions from the livestock sector’s use of land. The environmental impacts of animal agriculture require that governments, international organizations, producers, and consumers focus more attention on the role played by meat, egg, and dairy production. For example, poultry and swine produced in the eastern USA may use feed grains grown in the Midwestern US, with the meat ultimately being consumed in Asia. However, the atmospheric consequences have largely been ignored thus far (Aneja et al., 1998). Similar trends toward continued regional intensification of poultry and sheep production occurred in the United States during this same period. Calories from animal protein cost more to produce than calories from crops. Major shifts in the nature of animal production over the last several decades have increased the distance that animal feed and animal products travel between sites of production and consumption. The Organization plays a policy advisory and awareness raising role and provides technical support, advocacy, information, knowledge and guidance to help produce high quality animal products, safely, efficiently and responsibly, while improving poor people’s livelihoods and meeting consumers’ needs. Data from Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2003) Available online at: A previous study reported that a hospitalized patient with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Acinetobacter baumannii, and vancomycin-resistant enterococci was still infectious even after cleaning the clinic every time (Carling and Bartley, 2010). Booming demand in the worlds most rapidly growing economies for food derived from animals has led to large increases in livestock production, supported by major technological innovations and structural changes in the sector. The amount of fossil fuels burned varies depending on the species and type of animal product. Vast amounts of artificial nitrogenous fertilizer are used to grow farm animal feed, primarily composed of corn and soybeans. Consumption of animal products (meat, milk, and eggs) in developing countries is projected to increase over the next several decades, with a concomitant increase in livestock inventories, particularly poultry, beef, and sheep production (Alexandratos and Bruinsma, 2012). The conversion of NH3 to NH4+ aerosol depends on the concentration of acids in the atmosphere. During the last two decades, animal production in most developed countries decreased or leveled off, while production in developing countries continued to increase rapidly (Fig. Available online at: Reproduced from U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service (,, Electronic identification, DNA profiling and traceability of farm animals, Improving Traceability in Food Processing and Distribution, Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Production of Fluid Milk, Ethics of Meat Production and Its Relation to Perceived Meat Quality, Analysis of ammonia, ammonium aerosols and acid gases in the atmosphere at a commercial hog farm in eastern North Carolina, USA, Ronald B. McCulloch, ... Viney P. Aneja, in, Application of Bacteriophages in Organic Farm Animal Production, Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals, Embryo Transfer and Other Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics (Tenth Edition), Endocrine Disruptors: Effect in Wildlife and Laboratory Animals.